Bronté, Charlotte

Bronté, Charlotte
(1816-1855)
   Novelist, dau. of the Rev. Patrick B., a clergyman of Irish descent and of eccentric habits who embittered the lives of his children by his peculiar theories of education. Brought up in a small parsonage close to the graveyard of a bleak, windswept village on the Yorkshire moors, and left motherless in early childhood, she was "the motherly friend and guardian of her younger sisters," of whom two, Emily and Anne, shared, but in a less degree, her talents. After various efforts as schoolmistresses and governesses, the sisters took to literature and pub. a vol. of poems under the names of Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, which, however, fell flat. Charlotte then wrote her first novel, The Professor, which did not appear until after her death, and began Jane Eyre, which, appearing in 1847, took the public by storm. It was followed by Shirley in 1849, and Villette in 1852. In 1854 she was married to her father's curate, the Rev. A. Nicholls, but after a short though happy married life she d. in 1855. EMILY B. (1818-1848)
   a woman of remarkable force of character, reserved and taciturn, pub. in 1848 Wuthering Heights, a powerful, but somewhat unpleasing, novel, and some striking poems; and ANNE (1820-1849), was the authoress of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and Agnes Grey (1848). She had not the intellectual force of her sisters. The novels of Charlotte especially created a strong impression from the first, and the pub. of Jane Eyre gave rise to much curiosity and speculation as to its authorship. Their strength and originality have retained for them a high place in English fiction which is likely to prove permanent. There is a biography of Charlotte by Mrs. Gaskell (q.v.).
   Complete ed. of the works of Charlotte B. have been issued by Mrs. Humphrey Ward (7 vols. 1899-1900), and by Sir W.R. Nicoll, LL.D. (1903). Note on Charlotte Bronté, A.C. Swinburne, 1877. A short Life in Great Writers Series by A. Birrell.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Brontë, Charlotte — ▪ British author Introduction married name  Mrs. Arthur Bell Nicholls , pseudonym  Currer Bell  born April 21, 1816, Thornton, Yorkshire, England died March 31, 1855, Haworth, Yorkshire  English novelist, noted for Jane Eyre (1847), a strong… …   Universalium

  • Brontë, Charlotte — (1816 1855) and Emily (1818 1848).    On 15 February 1842, Charlotte and Emily Brontë arrived in Brus sels as students at the Pensionnat Héger (demolished in 1911 and now the site of the Palais des Beaux Arts). They sought to learn French and… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Brontë, Charlotte — ► (1816 55) Novelista británica, hermana de Anne y Emily Brontë, que escribió con el seudónimo de Currer Bell. Obras: Jane Eyre, que la consagró como escritora, Shirley, y El profesor, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charlotte Brontë — Born 21 April 1816(1816 04 21) Thornton, Yorkshire, England Died 31 March 1855(1855 03 31) (aged 38) Haworth, Yorkshire, England …   Wikipedia

  • Charlotte Bronte — Charlotte Brontë Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brontë. Charlotte Brontë …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charlotte Bronte — Charlotte Brontë Fotografie von 1854) Charlotte Brontë [ˈʃɑːlət ˈbrɒnti] (* 21. April 1816 in Thornton, Yorkshire; † 31. März 1855 in Haworth, Yorkshire) war eine britische Schriftst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charlotte Brontë — Charlotte Brontë. Charlotte Brontë (21 de abril de 1816 31 de marzo de 1855) fue una novelista inglesa. Brontë nació en Thornton, Yorkshire (Gran Bretaña), hija de Patrick Brontë, clérigo de origen irlandés, y de Maria Branwell. Tenía cinco… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brontë Society — Brontë Parsonage Museum Le presbytère de Haworth, qui fut la maison des Brontë, est aujourd hui transformée en musée, sous le nom de Brontë Parsonage Museum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brontë — puede referirse a Las hermanas Brontë, novelistas británicas del siglo XIX (w:en) Emily Brontë Charlotte Brontë Anne Brontë Brontë (cráter), en el planeta Mercurio, en honor a las hermanas Brontë Véase también Bronte …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brontē — Brontē, Charlotte, engl. Romanschriftstellerin, geb. 21. April 1816 zu Thornton in Yorkshire, wo ihr Vater, ein exzentrischer Irländer, Prediger war, gest. 1. April 1855 in Haworth. Sie erhielt einen Teil ihrer Schulbildung (1824 u. 1825) in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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